From King Richard III. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark & Maynard.
Abbreviations. — A.-S. = Anglo-Saxon: M.E. = Middle
English (from the 13th to the 15th century) ; Fr. = French ;
Ger. = German ; Gr. = Greek ; Cf. = compare (Lat. confer) ;
Abbott refers to the excellent Shakespearean Grammar of Dr.
Abbott; Schmidt, to Dr. Schmidt's invaluable Shakespeare Lexicon.
4. Distraught = distracted.
8. Intending = pretending.
11. Grace my stratagems, to set off my schemes.
13. The Mayor of London at this time, according to Hall,
was Edmund Shaw, brother of the Doctor Shaw of line 102.
21. Ratcliff was at Pomfret at this time, conducting the
execution of Rivers, Grey, and Vaughan.
24. Dear = dearly.
25. Plainest harmless; either the plainest, (the most)
harmless creature, or plainest-harmless is to be taken as a
compound word, like sudden-bold, fertile-fresh, crafty-sick,
etc.; plainest being regarded as an adverb.
30-32. That, overlooking the single exception of his manifest guilt, in his intercourse with Shore's wife, he lived free from all stain of suspicion. Guilt in line 30 is in the nominative absolute. From = free from.
33. Covert'st, most secret.
54-55. But now the loving haste of these our friends, somewhat against our own intentions, has prevented this.
61. Put a wrong construction on our dealings with him,
and lament his death.
63. As = as if.
69. Of our intent, for our purposes.
73. In all post, in all haste, as a post or messenger.
74. Meetest vantage, most favorable opportunity.
75. Infer, use as an argument.
76. Hall tells the story of one Burdet, a merchant in Cheapside, at the sign of the Crown, and how his unfortunate jest cost him his life.
83. Listed, desired.
85. For a need, in case of necessity.
87. Insatiate, not to be satisfied. The Duke of York succeeded the Duke of Bedford as regent of France.
91. His lineaments, Edward's features.
106. Baynard's Castle. This was a residence of Richard, and
was situated on the north bank of the Thames.
104. Doctor Shaw. . . . Friar Penker. These were both
popular preachers of the clay. "They were," says Holinshed, "both doctors of divinitie, both great preachers, both
of more learning than vertue, of more fame than learning."
107. To take some secret measures.
108. Brats, originally a rag, clout, especially a child's bib or
apron; hence, in contempt, a child. A Celtic word. Clarence's son was imprisoned both by Richard and Henry
VII, and ultimately beheaded by the latter; his daughter
married Sir Richard de la Pole, and was the mother of Cardinal Pole. She was created Countess of Salisbury by
Henry VIII, but was sent to the block at the age of seventy by that vindictive king, in answer to her son's treatise, De
How to cite the explanatory notes:
Shakespeare, William. Richard III. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark & Maynard, 1886. Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2010. (date when you accessed the information) < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/richardiii_3_5.html >.