Explanatory Notes for Act 5, Scene 1
From King Richard III. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark & Maynard.
Abbreviations. — A.-S. = Anglo-Saxon: M.E. = Middle
English (from the 13th to the 15th century) ; Fr. = French ;
Ger. = German ; Gr. = Greek ; Cf. = compare (Lat. confer) ;
Abbott refers to the excellent Shakespearean Grammar of Dr.
Abbott; Schmidt, to Dr. Schmidt's invaluable Shakespeare Lexicon.
4. Holy. Henry VI., though never canonized, was popularly considered as a saint. See "Wordworth's sonnet, Inside of King's College Chapel, Cambridge: "Tax not the royal saint
with vain expense."
10. All-Soul's day: the day on which supplications are made for all souls by the Roman Church, the 2nd of November.
How to cite the explanatory notes:
Shakespeare, William. Richard III. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark & Maynard, 1886. Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2014. < http://www.shakespeare-online.com/plays/richardiii_5_1.html >.
Henry Stafford, 2nd Duke of Buckingham
"Oechelhauser sees in the character of Buckingham, as drawn by Shakespeare, 'a mere puppet of Richard with whose cleverness Buckingham's is placed in direct contrast; somewhat the same relation as in the characters of Wagner and Faust. Richard is type of an intellectual hypocrite, while Buckingham is that of a soft-hearted hypocrite, he hesitates for a moment at the murder of Edward's sons, and his hesitation is his destruction. But, throughout, Buckingham stands more closely to Richard than the others in Richard's party, -- Catesby, Ratcliffe, and Lovel, -- who are merely his implements,-- Buckingham is his confidant." (Quoted by Furness in his Variorum Edition, p. 2)