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Richard III

Please see the bottom of this page for full explanatory notes.

STANLEYSir Christopher, tell Richmond this from me:
That in the sty of this most deadly boar
My son George Stanley is frank'd up in hold:
If I revolt, off goes young George's head;
The fear of that withholds my present aid.
So, get thee gone; commend me to thy lord.
But, tell me, where is princely Richmond now?
CHRISTOPHERAt Pembroke, or at Ha'rford-west, in Wales.
STANLEYWhat men of name resort to him?
CHRISTOPHERSir Walter Herbert, a renowned soldier;10
Sir Gilbert Talbot, Sir William Stanley;
Oxford, redoubted Pembroke, Sir James Blunt,
And Rice ap Thomas with a valiant crew;
And many more of noble fame and worth:
And towards London they do bend their course,
If by the way they be not fought withal.
STANLEYReturn unto thy lord; commend me to him:
Tell him the queen hath heartily consented
He shall espouse Elizabeth her daughter.
These letters will resolve him of my mind. Farewell.
[ Exeunt.

Richard III, Act 5, Scene 1


Explanatory Notes for Act 4, Scene 5
From King Richard III. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark & Maynard.

Abbreviations. — A.-S. = Anglo-Saxon: M.E. = Middle English (from the 13th to the 15th century) ; Fr. = French ; Ger. = German ; Gr. = Greek ; Cf. = compare (Lat. confer) ; Abbott refers to the excellent Shakespearean Grammar of Dr. Abbott; Schmidt, to Dr. Schmidt's invaluable Shakespeare Lexicon.


1. Sir Christopher Urswick was the confidential chaplain of Margaret. He afterwards became Dean of York.

3. Frank'd. shut up.

11. Sir William Stanley, brother of Thomas, Lord Stanley.

12. Oxford, John de vere, Earl of Oxford. Pembroke, Jasper Tudor, Earl of Pembroke, uncle of Richmond.

20. Resolve, assure.

How to cite the explanatory notes:
Shakespeare, William. Richard III. Ed. Brainerd Kellogg. New York: Clark & Maynard, 1886. Shakespeare Online. 20 Feb. 2014. < >.

Shakespeare's Histories: The Quiz

Many scholars believe that the history plays contain Shakespeare's own political philosophy regarding the role and nature of a truly great monarch. Others contend that "writing the philosophy of history was not Shakespeare's business." But all will agree that Shakespeare could dramatize English history like no other. The following quiz will test your knowledge of Shakespeare's histories. It is a challenge, but detailed answers are provided. Good luck! To the quiz...

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